School Disaster Management Plan PDF / Word File
School Disaster Management Plan PDF / Word File
School Disaster Management Plan PDF / Word File :Over 90% of post earthquake damage is of non-structural in nature. The greatest number of injuries during an earthquake is caused by falling objects. Non-structural elements are those elements of a building that will not cause a building to collapse if they fail. These elements rely on structural elements for support, and include exterior elements such as parapets, windows, doors, interior elements such as suspended ceilings, lights, building utilities such as ACs, gas & water connection pipe and building contents such as table, chairs, file cabinets, computer, wall hangings etc.
The assessment of these elements in order to identify and minimize the risk is known as Non-structural assessment Structural elements of buildings are the structural members of the building of which the building is composed of. It includes foundation, columns, beams, floor system, roof system and connections between the structural members. The failure of any one member of the building may lead to collapse of the structure completely.
The assessment of these structural members of a building is known as structural assessment. School must create a School Disaster Management Committee for conducting various preparedness and mitigation activities pertaining to the response plan. It is vital that SDMC must be functional throughout the year. SDMC must conduct various activities to ensure that the school students, teachers and other staff are well aware and trained in responding to any emergency situation. The SDMC will also bring various stakeholders under one roof so that the continuous effort of every stakeholder will create a resilient school and safer environment for education.
Preparedness means performing those activities that are aimed at reducing the risk of various hazards, improving response activities and coping capabilities. Disaster preparedness is building up of capacities before a disaster situation prevails in order to reduce impacts. It is necessary for school community to prepare for any disaster situation. Children being the future of tomorrow should be ensured a safe learning environment and prepared well to respond to any emergency situation. To put this into practice it is suggested that every school must constitute School Disaster Management Committee along with sub-committees/teams to ensure better preparedness and response in disaster.
School must create a School Disaster Management Committee for conducting various preparedness and mitigation activities pertaining to the response plan. It is vital that SDMC must be functional throughout the year. SDMC must conduct various activities to ensure that the school students, teachers and other staff are well aware and trained in responding to any emergency situation. The SDMC will also bring various stakeholders under one roof so that the continuous effort of every stakeholder will create a resilient school and safer environment for education.
The School map is the essential part of the plan. It requires elemental situational analysis of whole School and its nearby premises. There should be 3 types of maps which need to be prepared under School Disaster Management Plan.
An annual calendar must be prepared by school administration (SDMC) in consultation with other stakeholders for conducting various preparedness activities. This calendar will help in capacity building of students and will create awareness through various resources.
Capacity building and training of teachers, students, and other staff is an important aspect. For responding to any emergency situation school community must be trained in basic disaster management skills. The SDMC must have the basic understanding of disaster management. The sub committees under SDMC must be trained in their respective fields for effective management of disaster situations.
School administration must arrange training programs for students, teachers, and other staff in consultation with GSDMA, local fire brigade, health centre, police station and civil defense School can create its Incident response system for better coordination among various committees. In case of any disaster, the incident response system could be useful for organizing and mobilizing existing manpower and resources. This is the framework which could help in coordinating and linking management. This standard framework can be used in any disaster situation for monitoring and executing responsibilities.
Acquire map of school, building plan with indication of entries, exits, staircases, corridors, gates, door, windows etc, and evacuation plan document. Get information on number of students in each class, teachers, other staff,class rooms, labs.All the keys of classrooms, labs, school gates must be kept in appropriate place so that it can be easily accessed. Also, the team members should be aware about it.
Prepare guidelines for releasing students in case of emergency involving Transport Management Team and same must be shared with parents and guardians. Preparing a list of contact details of parents of all the students & also provide the contact details of site security team members to the parents for better coordination during emergency situation.
All the team members must know how to operate the fire extinguisher. Ensure that the periodic fire safety assessment is done by local fire department in consultation with district administration.
Team members must participate in the mock drill regularly. Keep an eye on nearby hazardous areas such as industries, factories etc and update local administration about any latest activity related to them.
Ensure that the electric wires and switches including main switches must be covered and if found open report to the school management to get it repaired in consultation with electricity department. During disaster Switch off the main switch if possible and cut down the supply of electricity for the entire school.If any student catches fire, order him to do STOP, DROP and ROLL.Use fire extinguishers and try to extinguish the fire wherever seen. If fire is taking huge magnitude, then get out of the school building. Inform local fire brigade as early as possible.
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